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SPE Hydraulic Fracture Technology Conference, February 5-7, 2019
The Woodlands, Texas
The industry continues to face a challenge understanding and optimizing completion strategies to minimize the impact of infill development on existing wells and achieve larger Stimulated Reservoir Volume (SRV) on infill wells. This paper presents a cost-effective technique for evaluating parent-child interaction using poroelastic pressure responses on the parent wells. The method was employed on a four-well pad in the Eagle Ford to understand diversion effectiveness and the extent of offset depletion.
The case study comprised the analysis of pressure data sets, covering wellhead pressure data from the nearby parent wells. The method quantifies and interprets pressure signal magnitude and its transient behavior for each completed stage. The well offsetting the parent well was completed using two different completion designs. One half of the lateral was completed without employing diversion, while the other half employed a specific diversion strategy. The primary goal of the case study was to demarcate the areal extent and degree of depletion around the existing wells and determine the effectiveness of using diversion in inhibiting growth towards parent wells.
The analysis determined fluid and fracture pathways, mainly seen driven by formation stresses, depletion, and completion design in each stage. The case study compared the effects of employing diversion vs. not employing diversion, using the magnitude of pressure responses felt by the parent well. The initiation points of the pressure signals, as felt by the offset wells on each side quantified how quickly and in which direction the newly treated fractures were growing. The pressure responses from multiple parent wells were correlated to understand the areal extent of depletion around each offset producer. This ultimately promotes understanding the difference in pre and post production of the wells and optimizes infill completions for future development.
Cross well analysis using poroelastic pressure responses is easy to implement and very cost-effective. The proposed method provides a workflow to analyze offset pressure data in a consistent and reproducible manner. This method affords the industry a better understanding of parent well damage and mitigation of child well productivity loss.
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